revisiting ten questions for poets – on poetry, publication, technology

This series represents a wealth of poetry and po-biz wisdom from a bunch of awesome contemporary poets. I used to have these linked as separate standing pages, but didn’t refresh that format when I changed blog themes recently. Have just added these standing pages back to the left-hand column, and got lost in re-reading while I did so. Thank you once again to the generous poets who participated for doing so! That wonderful group includes Ron Silliman and the late Reginald Shepherd.

TEN QUESTIONS SERIES
poets on poetry
poets on publication
poetry editors on publishing poetry
poets on technology

noticing

When I asked Reginald Shepherd if he would participate in one of the Ten Questions series on this blog and he said yes, I felt like the Bandar Log, jumping up and down and going, Bagheera noticed us! Bagheera noticed us! I loved that he responded at all, that he agreed to participate, and that he sent such thoughtful, focused responses. And his courtesy. His emails were so courteous.

(Edit: I knew I was missing a word here, it kept bothering me and just came to me. I think I almost meant “courtly” – as in characterized by gentillesse in Chaucer’s way.)

Thanks for noticing the little people, Reginald Shepherd. And for everything else.

Ten Questions – Reginald Shepherd

Ten Questions (2): Reb Livingston

1. Describe your publishing trajectory. Where did it start? Where is it now? How long have you been at it?

I just spoke about this a few days ago to some Marist College undergrads, it’s a tale of ups and downs, some unexpected “successes” and plenty of rejection. I started writing poetry in college during the early 90’s and published a couple poems in undergraduate publications at Carnegie Mellon. But aside from that, I didn’t place a poem in a magazine until 2000 when Ed Ochester accepted one for 5AM. I sent my work out for years, feeling daunted and hopeless. Of course, the way I went about it was why. I sent my poems to all the wrong magazines; places that didn’t publish work in the same vein as mine — or places I wasn’t familiar, never read. That’s a recipe for failure and I cooked with that pretty much my entire 20s. Some people have to learn the hard way. I’m one of those people. Now I send poems out only to places I read and admire and sometimes to places that solicit work. My poems have appeared in a few “biggish” places like Best American Poetry and American Poetry Review, some kinda-well known online and print magazines and a slew of not-so well known places. I still get rejections (most recently last week) and probably always will. That’s just the way it is. Four-plus years of editing my own online magazine, No Tell Motel, taught me not to take any of it personally. As for books, the Whole Coconut Books Chapbook Series published my first title, Pterodactyls Soar Again, as an online chapbook in 2006 and that same year, my micropress, No Tell Books published a collaborative chapbook I wrote with Ravi Shankar, Wanton Textiles. Along with Molly Arden, I edited two anthologies for the The Bedside Guide to No Tell Motel series. My first what they call “full-length” poetry collection, Your Ten Favorite Words, came out very recently from Coconut Books. Currently I’m in the midst of creating a manuscript called God Damsel. The further along I get into it, the further from finished it becomes. Coconut Books expressed interested in publishing that too, so that’s likely where it’ll end up, when it’s ready. If for some unexpected reason Coconut doesn’t take it, I’ll publish it myself with No Tell Books. I no longer feel beholden to other publishers’ whims and circumstances. I know how to put together a book. There’s no reason I should spend hundreds or possibly thousands of dollars in contests and reading fees for something I can do myself.

2. What would you do differently if you had to start all over again?

I would save my money and not send to any book contests whatsoever. Bye bye $1500. What do I have to show for it? A handful of the “winning” books, most of which I don’t even care for. I could have published two books for that amount. Also, as I mentioned above, I would be more selective and knowledgeable where I send my work in general. Bye bye hundreds of hours of my life.

3. Why did you start seeking publication? Why do you continue?

I wanted readers for my poems. I continue because I still want my poems to be read. That’s pretty much it. I don’t teach. I have little interest in teaching, so I don’t have a CV to worry about. It’s freeing because I can publish wherever I want, including self- publishing (which I believe more poets should consider, not as defeat, but as taking control of one’s work, how it’s presented and distributed).

4. Does your relationship with your work change after it is published and if so, how? How does the concept of publication affect your writing in general?

Not so much, I’ll stop revising a poem when I think it’s ready to send to magazine, but later down the road it’s fair game again. When it’s time to put together a book, the poems (whether published or not) are each examined for editing, changing and scraping. I’m an obsessive reviser.

5. Talk about putting a chapbook together. How have you done it in the past, how would you do it differently now? Why are chapbooks a good thing or not a good thing?

Pterodactyls Soar Again is a pared-down, tighter version of an unpublished longer manuscript, Home-Schooled by a Cackling Jackal. Once the chapbook came out, I had no urge to continue searching for a home for Cackling Jackal. The fact that it’s online and free meant it got (and still gets) a lot of readers. That pleases me very much. Ravi and I collaboratively wrote Wanton Textiles on and off via e-mail for over two years. It’s a print-chapbook and sadly hasn’t sold particularly well, in fact it’s No Tell Books’ most dismal seller, by far. On the bright side, I probably gave away 100+ copies and it’s received a few good reviews. In the end it was a way to get the work out there, although definitely not the most cost-effective yet it didn’t exactly break my bank either. That’s the beauty of ch(e)apbooks. I guess I don’t really understand the question of whether or not chapbooks are good or bad. Some books are good things, others not so much. I don’t see how length, distribution or the production process has any determining factor in that. Unless the pages are made from the skins of kittens.

6. What’s your advice to someone putting together a full-length poetry manuscript for the first time? Share your thoughts on the importance (or not) of narrative arc in poetry manuscripts.

Put together the book you believe needs to be put together. If that book needs a narrative arc, super, if not, why bother worrying about it? To fit some trend? If you’re worried about trends, fashion or popularity, for God’s sake, don’t waste your time with poetry. If a poem belongs, include it, if not, don’t. Don’t feel beholden to include poems that were published in “biggish” places just for the sake of your Acknowledgments page. Several people asked why I didn’t include “That’s Not Butter” in Your Ten Favorite Words. I’d tell them because it didn’t fit with the collection, it’s from Pterodactyls Soar Again. They’d look exasperated, like I was the silliest idiot in the world blowing my big “chance.” I don’t follow that logic. That particular poem reached more readers than I ever imagined. If somebody read that poem and wanted to read more of my poems, I don’t see how not including it would in any way be discouraging. Even if that was the case in some freaky poetry reader dimension, a couple sales is not enough motivation to clunk-up my book with something that doesn’t belong. I suppose that all leads up this advice: don’t treat your poetry like it’s a commodity. You’ll be selling it short (hah!). Poems aren’t commodities. Poems don’t make anyone money. So when you’re creating your book, listen to your inner artist, not your inner capitalist. If your inner capitalist knew what he was talking about, he’d be telling you to write a self-help book or something for Penthouse Forum.

7. Do you personally market your publications? If so, why and how, and do you enjoy it? If not, why not?

If you mean do I do readings, speak on panels, link to my books from my websites, try to cajole people into reviewing my books, send out e- mails asking friends and family to buy them, agree to participate in interviews such as this one — then yes, most certainly. I do it because I want people to buy my books. I want people to read them. I also want my publisher and my own press to recoup the costs of producing the books. I do enjoy giving readings and participating on panels, usually, but I find it to be psychically draining and often must take breaks.

8. Complete the following sentences: Big-name poetry publishers are… not necessarily evil although usually irrelevant and not particularly interesting. Big-name poetry publishers tend to be interested in the bottom-line since they’re all owned by massive corporations. They’d sooner publish a terrible book by a pop star than take a chance publishing a fantastic collection by an “unknown” or what I really mean to say is an “extra-unknown” because even well-known poets are pretty much unknown. I don’t pay too much attention to big-name publishers because as a busy mom I don’t find much of what they’re doing to be worth my time. Besides, how many poetry books are these “big-name” poetry publishers even putting out in a year? Less than a hundred, I think. Why do they keep coming up in conversation? They’re barely applicable.

9. Small- and micro-presses are… the publishers of poetry. Small and micro-presses publish the overwhelming majority of poetry in the U.S. They’re run by people who care about poetry and who find ways to finance and publish it whether it’s from acquiring grants, getting support from universities and institutions and often, out of their own pockets. Some small presses finance their operations with book contests. I’m not so crazy about that, but don’t begrudge them. It’s hard out there being a poetry publisher.

 10. Describe the ideal relationship with a publisher and the relationship with a publisher from hell.

An ideal relationship with a publisher would be like a happy marriage: nurturing, harmoniously working together to bring and raise that baby in the cruel cruel world. Having a publisher from hell would be like an unhappy marriage where your partner doesn’t hold up his end, is absent more than he’s around, is a control freak or gives his sweet sweet love to everyone but you.

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Reb Livingston lives in Northern Virginia with her husband and son. She’s the author of Your Ten Favorite Words and co-editor of The Bedside Guide to No Tell Motel anthology series. Also she edits and publishes No Tell Motel and No Tell Books.

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Previously on Ten Questions:

1. Kristy Bowen
2. Reginald Shepherd
3. Carolyn Guinzio
4. Nate Pritts
5. Sam Byfield
6. Neil Aitken
7. Edward Byrne
8. Rachel Bunting
9. Brent Fisk
10. Ivy Alvarez
11. Michaela Gabriel

Coming up:

13. Ron Silliman, May 8

Answers posted by others to their own blogs:

Rik Roots
Rob Mackenzie
Steve Schroeder
Cheryl Snell
Kate Benedict

Standing Page
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Ten Questions (2): Michaela Gabriel

Michaela Gabriel (author of the secret meaning of greek letters, among other chapbooks) is answering the ten questions on publication today. We are enthusiastic readers of her work and her blog and are especially delighted to have her with us today. Many thanks for participating, Michaela!

1. Describe your publishing trajectory. Where did it start? Where is it now? How long have you been at it?

Everything really began when I was about 13 and read a poem written by a teenage girl in one of those almanac/diary things. I sat down, wrote my first ever poem and actually sent it to the publishers. Looking back, I am amazed at my guts – and I really cannot blame them for not publishing the poem. But even so many years later, I am grateful for the encouraging note I received. It may have been politeness, but to a young person who had just discovered this new form of expressing herself, it made all the difference. I never stopped writing after that, though I was not thinking of publication at the time.

When I was 17, a girls’ magazine based in Germany ran a poetry competition; my poem made the top 100 and became my first publication. For a while, an Austrian print magazine called “My Way” published poetry, stories and photos by their readers, and I found myself thinking, hmm, I can do that, too. I was curious, I wanted to know whether they’d accept any of my work – and they did, several times. They even paid about 50 Schilling (5 dollars) per piece!

And then the internet “happened”. I’d begun to write in English during my late teens, and by the mid-nineties much of my poetry was in English. Through a student magazine I heard about gangway.net – an Austr(al)ian e-zine, and I sent them some of my work. In June 1997, they published a set of ten poems. I was thrilled – and hooked.

On internet boards I found encouragement, support, and a mentor, and being part of communities helped me find out about markets and the process of submitting poetry. About eleven years after my first online publications, countless poems have appeared online and in print, in magazines that have long since closed down and others that continue to thrive. I have had two chapbooks published, and co-authored a third (with Alex Stolis). Without the internet, I would certainly not be where I am now. Nowhere near it, in fact. Sometimes I wonder whether I’d actually still be writing at all.

2. What would you do differently if you had to start all over again?

Well, it’s not like I had a plan! It just started to happen, and I sort of went along. The only thing – it took me ages to put my first chapbook together. I was dithering, and it took several kicks in my lazy butt from my dear friend Alex Stolis to finally make me sit down and choose those poems. I think I was a little intimidated by the whole thing, and for a while I blocked myself by worrying too much over poems I’d have to leave out. Just because they did not get into chapbook number one, did not have to mean they would never be part of a book, so that was silly, and maybe I could have gotten my act together sooner. But then, who knows, it might not have been snapped up by the first publisher I sent it to. :)

3. Why did you start seeking publication? Why do you continue?

Like I said before, in the beginning there was a question. And the question was: “Can I do that too?” I wanted to find out whether a magazine would publish what I had to say. I wanted to get reactions from publishers, other writers, friends. After all, most poets *are* trying to reach people out there. I continue to send out submissions for that very reason. I want to make someone laugh, shrug, shiver, sigh, or think “yes!” The market has changed so much over the last ten years, so many magazines have been founded, some have disappeared again. But the market is definitely much, much bigger and more varied than it used to be. So I send poetry to new zines, online and print, if I think my work fits in with what they publish. I don’t send poetry to magazines I wouldn’t read, I don’t want to get published just so I can say, “Been in that one. Check”.

4. Does your relationship with your work change after it is published and if so, how? How does the concept of publication affect your writing in general?

No, in general I wouldn’t say that’s the case. Sometimes when I go way back to the late nineties, to my first publications, I end up a little surprised that certain poems got accepted, because I have moved on since then, and my style has changed, but that’s it.

As for possible publication affecting my writing – sometimes I am challenged to try something new, say, if a journal runs a themed contest or such. And with my chapbooks, yes, there is an influence there. I started working on “the secret meanings of greek letters” with a chapbook collection in mind, it was always intended as a series, with one poem per Greek letter. Same with the collaboration I wrote with Alex – we had this concept of a series of letters, and we worked on it with a chapbook in mind. And the full-length manuscript I am working on, “elemental”, is another themed book – one poem for each element in the periodic table.

But the concept of publication does not usually affect my writing in the sense that I write “for” a magazine, a certain market.

5. Talk about putting a chapbook together. How have you done it in the past, how would you do it differently now? Why are chapbooks a good thing?

It took me forever to put my first chapbook, “apples for adam”, together. I found it difficult to decide what to include and what to leave out. I wrote lists of poems I liked, then abandoned work on the chapbook again, and started all over. Someone suggested a theme, so I went through my poems to see what themes would jump out at me, and it was actually pretty obvious that it had to be a women-themed collection. Knowing that, it was much easier to make choices, and once I had realized that leaving out a number of good poems was not the end of the world, the manuscript was finished pretty quickly. I did play around with the order of poems, and I sent the manuscript off when it simply felt right. I was worried I might not find a title for it, but then that was not difficult at all – the title refers to a poem included in the book, “Eva to Adam”.

The second collection, “the secret meanings of greek letters”, was a different matter altogether. I knew even before finishing the first poem that it would have to be the complete series of one poem each for the 24 Greek letters. I was in the middle of an a-poem-a-day challenge at the time, and “secret meanings” was basically written within a month.

With my latest collection, “love letters to invisible men”, which is currently looking for a home, it was different. I thought of the title ages ago, but did not have the poems for a collection. Once I had them, I spent a long time deciding on the order of poems, and I changed my mind quite often. I asked a few friends to look the manuscript over and that helped.

There are several reasons why chapbooks are a good thing: They give readers an idea of a poet’s work, and they don’t have to spend a fortune on a book they might not even enjoy. For me as a poet the thought of putting together a collection of 20 poems is a LOT less intimidating than writing a manuscript of 60-100 poems. It’s good for getting your name out there. I also love how chapbooks are used as a sort of currency on the web – swapping books with other poets is fantastic.

6. What’s your advice to someone putting together a full-length poetry manuscript for the first time? Share your thoughts on the importance (or not) of a narrative arc in poetry manuscripts.

I am definitely not the expert here, and could do with some advice myself. I have about half the poems for my full-length project “elemental”. What inspired me was Primo Levi’s short story collection “The Periodic Table”. The idea is to write one poem for each element. I am already wondering how to arrange the poems, because there are “series within the series” (like a bunch of prose poems, several ekphrastic poems, etc), but of course it would be nice to stick to the original order of the periodic table.

In a way, putting a manuscript together is like making a CD mix. I can take such things very seriously – there are songs that just don’t go well together. You probably wouldn’t want to go from a Verdi aria straight to Korn, or from Irish folk to trash metal. So I guess that poets should give some thought to the order of their poems and perhaps group similarly themed poems.

7. Do you personally market your publications? If so, why and how, and do you enjoy it? If not, why not?

Yes, of course! I mean – if I am not interested in marketing my work, then who will be? I have a sort of newsletter, poetic news, that I send out several times a year to tell friends – poets and others – about publications in magazines. I send review copies of my chapbooks to magazines, I blog about publications, I post links on facebook. Word of mouth is so important. I write to poets whose work I like and suggest swapping chapbooks. I have swapped over 20 copies of my “secret meanings” so far.

There are not many poetry-related events in Vienna, but I presented “secret meanings” at the open mic I always go to, and I read some poems from that collection at the Vienna Lit Festival on April 17. Such events usually have book tables, and they are a great opportunity of making your work known.

8. Complete the following sentences: Big-name poetry publishers

… have a lot of know-how but are possibly unaware of what is happening “on the street” and desperately need to explore new areas.

9. Small- and micro-presses are …

… closer to what’s happening, something the poetry world needs, and worth being supported.

10. Describe the ideal relationship with a publisher and a relationship with a publisher from hell.

I must say that my publishers have been very good to work with. An ideal publisher is someone who supports the writer, who offers advise without violating the poet’s work. A publisher should be open to suggestions from the poet. Creativity and some marketing know-how are definitely a plus. What I love is being kept up-to-date with what is going on – layout, proofing, illustrations, ideas, delays, whatever.

A publisher from hell, hm, I guess that would be someone who is careless, who doesn’t keep their promises, offers no feedback, doesn’t answer questions, makes changes without informing the writer, misses deadlines without a word of explanation or apology. Also, being asked to pay for any services in the end would be a nightmare.

I had one bad experience with a print magazine based in India. I found out after submitting that they would not give published authors a free copy and I heard some unfavourable stories about them. I withdrew my work, received a confirmation of that email, but over a month later I got an email telling me that my poems had been published, and asking me to buy a copy. I was NOT amused. Fortunately such experiences are few and far between.

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Michaela A. Gabriel lives in Vienna, Austria where she helps adults acquire computer and English skills and gets together with the muse as often as possible. She wrote her first poem at the age of 13, but likes to think that she has improved since. Michaela has been widely published both online and in print and is the author of two and a half chapbooks – apples for adam (FootHills Publishing, January 2005), the secret meanings of greek letters, (dancing girl press, October 2007), and small confessions & pebbles of regret (Rubicon Press, March 2008, co-written with Alex Stolis). She has recently finished another chapbook manuscript and is working on a full-length collection inspired by the elements of the periodic table. When she is not writing, Michaela is reading, listening to music, taking photos, watching movies, blogging, communicating with friends, playing scrabble online or travelling – usually several of these at the same time. Her website is here and she blogs here.

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Previously on Ten Questions:

1. Kristy Bowen
2. Reginald Shepherd
3. Carolyn Guinzio
4. Nate Pritts
5. Sam Byfield
6. Neil Aitken
7. Edward Byrne
8. Rachel Bunting
9. Brent Fisk
10. Ivy Alvarez

Coming up:

12. Reb Livingston, May 1
13. Ron Silliman, May 8

Answers posted by others to their own blogs:

Rik Roots
Rob Mackenzie
Steve Schroeder
Cheryl Snell
Kate Benedict

Standing Page
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Ten Questions (2): Ivy Alvarez

Today Ivy Alvarez, author of Mortal, responds to the ten questions on publication we have been asking. Much to enjoy and mull over in her responses indeed. We were particularly struck by her description of how her internet presence has been evolving along with her publishing trajectory. Thanks so much for participating, Ivy!

1. Describe your publishing trajectory. (Where did it start? Where is it now? How long have you been at it?)

My poems and short stories first started appearing in my high school yearbooks and even once in the local paper. That was fun. It’s always been fun to see my words in print.

I had a really inspiring high school teacher, Mr Grudzien. He could tell when I lost interest in the middle of my short story and was coasting on it. Even now I can see his dreaded red pen marks all over my English assignments, but there was also the encouraging one that I still remember: ‘Don’t give up!’

When I started winning prizes during matriculation college for my poems, well, I guess I began to pay attention to what this might mean. I think I started taking poetry and poetry publication only seriously during my first year at university. It was still a lark but I wanted to see how far I could go with it.

I learnt as I went along how to get published in journals. No-one ever told me how to go about doing this, so I was pretty clueless. I remember reading one journal and looking at its guidelines. Under ‘Payment’, it had this amount. Well, I thought that was the amount I had to pay the journal to get my poems published. Being a student at the time, I’m glad I didn’t have the means to embarrass myself back then. I wonder what the editor would’ve thought if I’d sent in the money. Just given me a subscription, I suppose.

From the start, the lack of funds was a hindrance to getting my work out there, so I employed a scattershot approach and sent my work to random poetry journals. I remember being so crushed by the first batch ever returned to me, but when I told a poet friend about it, she pointed out that the accompanying note was actually quite encouraging. I guess I only saw the ‘no’.

Afterwards, I got better at judging which journals were more likely to accept my work, by actually finding copies in libraries and reading the poetry inside. That helped me on my way to getting my work in journals and my poems read.

Publishing Mortal (Red Morning Press, 2006), my first book of poems, felt like the long-awaited culmination of so many of my writerly dreams and desires. Even though waiting for it to be accepted for publication had been torture, I’m glad things worked out the way it did.

At the moment, I’m working on my second manuscript. I’m actually away at a writing residency in Spain for April 2008 to do this, so there’s more hard work ahead of me.

2. What would you do differently if you had to start all over again?

Initiate more conversations with poets I meet face-to-face. They’re the logical people to ask about good journals. Ask more questions. Give in to my curiosity.

3. Why did you start seeking publication? Why do you continue?

My reasons for wanting publication from the start remains true even now: I want my poems out there, to be read by others, to engage the reader and for my work to make a connection.

4. Does your relationship with your work change after it is published and if so, how? How does the concept of publication affect your writing in general?

Once a poem is published, I become detached from it. It’s still mine, of course, but it then becomes something for a reader to get to know, engage with and put forward ideas of what it might mean to them.

Publication does not affect my process of writing a poem. When I write, there is no Greek chorus of editors at my right shoulder questioning my word choices. It’s just me in the room and the poem at my hands.

5. Talk about putting a chapbook together. How have you done it in the past, how would you do it differently now? Why are chapbooks a good thing or not a good thing?

I love chapbooks. They are my absolute favourite thing in poetry. I think it comes from my love of comic books when I was younger, then zines and other such handmade printed objects. I love the fold and the staple, the ink and the words. It’s as much the physical aspect of the chapbook as the poetry, I think.

A chapbook manuscript is a much more punchier, concentrated form than a full-length manuscript. For my first chapbook, ‘Food for Humans’, I put together what I thought were my best poems at the time. With ‘catalogue: life as tableware’, I must confess there wasn’t really a thread tying all the poems together. By comparison, ‘what’s wrong’ has a definite narrative running through it and remains my favourite. I have a fourth manuscript under consideration, which is organised under the theme of distance in a relationship. I’m looking forward to when that one is finally accepted.

I think chapbooks are a very good thing. They offer much more of an insight into a poet’s current obsessions because they are more immediate than a full-length manuscript, which often takes years to put together and see print. They are so much more accessible and not as daunting, either. Sometimes a full-length feels more of a commitment, while a chapbook is really very approachable. I can see no downsides to a chapbook, especially when they are beautifully made and a lot of care and attention is given to their creation.

6. What’s your advice to someone putting together a full-length poetry manuscript for the first time? Share your thoughts on the importance (or not) of narrative arc in poetry manuscripts.

I don’t think there’s any prescription for a poetry manuscript. The only thing one must be faithful to is the work itself. If the work dictates a need for a narrative arc, so it must follow. If not, then one must find another way to pull it all together. A book of poetry is a piece of artwork, as valid in its form as a painting or a sculpture, expressing the thought of its creator in the only way possible.

As it happens, Mortal does have a narrative arc, but one should be able to skip around and still get something from the book, I think.

My advice to this unknown someone: Every word, every line, every poem must be necessary to the book. Pare down as much as possible so that only the essential remains. Be prepared to wait but if you believe in your work, don’t give up. You only need one person to say yes.

7. Do you personally market your publications? If so, why and how, and do you enjoy it? If not, why not?

When I first started my blog, I thought it was a way of thinking about poetry and writing out loud, as well as celebrating acceptances of individual poems when they happened. As the need to have my manuscript published into a book became more irresistible, it then became a record of my progress as it went along, from the mis-steps to the day of acceptance. One could view my blog cynically I suppose, as a marketing tool, but when it began, it was more for my benefit, puzzling out how I felt about being a writer, the process of publication, while enjoying the small yeses along the way.

To more clearly demarcate my private thoughts and process from the public persona, I recently launched my author website, which I update with news and upcoming events associated with my book, Mortal. I don’t know if people follow that. Sometimes I think even that is more for me but I guess we’ll see about its usefulness.

I announce publications and important notices on the listservs of which I am a member and which have space for that. I take part in festivals and readings when I can: these I enjoy. I’ve given workshops to share what I know about writing and publication. I help promote my readings by telling my networks about it.

Why do I do it? I think if somebody invests their time in inviting you to participate in a festival, lead a workshop, or give a poetry reading, includes your work in a journal, or publishes your book, it makes sense to help get the word out about it. Otherwise, who will know about it? Nobody else will do it for you. Ultimately, I want my poems to find its readers and so I do what I can.

And I must admit, there’s a part of me that does enjoy doing it.

8. Complete the following sentences: Big-name poetry publishers are…fine and dandy. I like reading books from Faber, Bloodaxe, Cape Poetry, Carcanet in the UK, a great number of US publishers, and so on. Poetry should come from as many quarters as possible.

9. Small- and micro-presses are… the bees’ knees. I have a real affection for these presses. They are the ones who take the real risks because they often fund their publications out of their own pockets. They are also more likely to publish the real bolts of lightning, those incredible voices that come from the ground and arc out into the air, white-hot. I love reading the work of poets I can learn from and be continually stunned by their words.

10. Describe the ideal relationship with a publisher and the relationship with a publisher from hell.

An ideal relationship: a press that communicates with their authors consistently, working with them from start to finish.

A relationship from hell: a press that doesn’t respond to communications, or drops the author if they don’t sell enough books to make back an advance, or does not publish the book as agreed or at all, or does not include the author in important decision-making, or is unyielding on matters of contract, or does not help in promoting the book in any way. Thankfully, none of this has happened to me, though I’ve heard stories. I think if one is in a bad relationship, bow out as gracefully as possible, do your research and seek a new press.

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Ivy Alvarez is the author of Mortal (Washington, DC: Red Morning Press, 2006). Her poetry is published in literary journals and anthologies worldwide and online. A MacDowell and Hawthornden Fellow, both the Australia Council for the Arts and the Welsh Academi awarded her grants to write poems for her second book.

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Previously on Ten Questions:

1. Kristy Bowen
2. Reginald Shepherd
3. Carolyn Guinzio
4. Nate Pritts
5. Sam Byfield
6. Neil Aitken
7. Edward Byrne
8. Rachel Bunting
9. Brent Fisk

Coming up:

11. Michaela Gabriel, April 24
12. Reb Livingston, May 1
13. Ron Silliman, May 8

Answers posted by others to their own blogs:

Rik Roots
Rob Mackenzie
Steve Schroeder
Cheryl Snell
Kate Benedict

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Ten Questions (2): Brent Fisk

This week we have with us Brent Fisk, whose work has appeared in over 200 magazines the last few years including recent issues of Rattle, Southern Poetry Review, Southeast Review, and Prairie Schooner. He is finishing up his first manuscript, Accidental Body of Knowledge and will begin the slow process of finding a publisher sometime late this spring. Many thanks for participating, Brent!

1. Describe your publishing trajectory. (Where did it start? Where is it now? How long have you been at it?)

I started in earnest about four years ago and have stuck with it ever since. Putting together packets, fooling with the post office, keeping track of the submissions—all that stuff can be a grind. But editors rarely call you up and say, “Hey, send us a bunch of work so we can publish it.” Well, maybe they do that if you’re Louise Gluck or Donald Hall, but the rest of us have to work it.

One of my first acceptances was with Prairie Schooner who accepted my entire packet. I got some ink from editors at both well-known and obscure magazines, started getting work taken pretty regularly, and just kept plugging away. You don’t want to carpet bomb editors with submissions, but you can’t be shy either. I’m well past having a creative writing teacher looking over my shoulder, and I belong to two solid workshops, one virtual, one a bit less phantom. Those voices help shape the work and I think I send out less material that isn’t quite ready for public consumption.

The next step for me is a chapbook and book. I’ve tried a few contests for single poems or groups of poems. A book seems more daunting. How do you decide what goes in, what stays out? How much of a thematic arc should it have? Should most of the poems be published in journals before going into a book? Where do you send it? That’s ten seconds worth of questions right there and I’ve barely scratched the surface. The idea of a book can be a bit paralyzing, but I’m working on it.

2. What would you do differently if you had to start all over again?

I’d have started earlier. I’m just shy of forty, so I lost a few years to work, the pursuit of a degree, running a head shop, that sort of thing. There are so many good poets writing and getting published today, and that’s not even counting all the bad ones that are doing the exact same thing. I think if I had those idle years back more of my work would be out in the public eye.

3. Why did you start seeking publication? Why do you continue?

I think there are some writers who genuinely don’t care about publication—it can sometimes feel like you’re a dog chasing its tail. But I like the feel of holding a journal in my hands, finding a home for a poem. I see the names of writers from my workshops and I know how much work they’ve put into that piece so I get a little glow, a little buzz from reading their work. Lately, James Doyle seems to be in about every journal that comes my way, so when you see those names again and again, there’s a sense of warmth—the warmth of doing work. I like that source of heat, that relationship that develops between writer, editor and reader. No one wants to see failure—not the writer, not the editor, and definitely not the reader.

4. Does your relationship with your work change after it is published and if so, how? How does the concept of publication affect your writing in general?

When you are a young writer, and by young I mean new to writing, you love every thing you write. Once you realize publication is just one variable in a very long equation, what becomes most important is getting the best possible poem in the best possible magazines. It may not be a name magazine either. I read great stuff in little magazines all the time, and while I still find interesting work in Poetry, mostly I read it for the bitchy carping that goes on it their letters and commentary section.

As far as how your relationship changes with the work, once it’s in a magazine, it has a sense of finality to it. It’s like someone taking a picture of you while you’re scratching your ass. You may only scratch your ass once every ten years, but now there’s this snapshot of it, so people think you do it all the time (For the record, I never scratch my ass). If you get a little excited and send a good poem out, but maybe it’s got some flaws, an editor still might publish it and then you’ve got it out there for everyone to see with no way to make any edits. I think the concept of publication eventually makes you take a much harder, colder look at the work you send out. Still, there’ll be times when a less than stellar poems slips through the cracks and you just have to groan. Groan, and maybe scratch your ass.

5. Talk about putting a chapbook together. How have you done it in the past, how would you do it differently now? Why are chapbooks a good thing or not a good thing?

Chapbooks are a great idea. Their brief nature lets you fully explore a theme without wearing out your welcome. I’ve got lists of poems on my refrigerator with various titles for the chaps. Any poem that fits in more than one book has an asterisk beside it. Eventually I’ll actually print these poems out in some sort of brilliant order, paginated with an acknowledgements page and a table of contents and Voila! I’ll be even more famous.

6. What’s your advice to someone putting together a full-length poetry manuscript for the first time? Share your thoughts on the importance (or not) of narrative arc in poetry manuscripts.

I think this is even trickier than a chapbook or getting published in a literary journal. Because of the longer form, 60-120 pages, you really need to think about how it holds together. Narrative arc may be one thing that makes the whole cohesive, but you have to worry about tone, whether to break the book into sections, do you title each section. Should you have blurbs from famous writers on the back cover? Do you know any famous writers? Do you know any famous writers you can blackmail into reading your book? Where are those photographs of Ted Kooser scratching his ass? Does Louise Gluck scratch her ass? Can you even get close to Sharon Olds with a camera? A full-length manuscript is a chapbook on growth hormones. We really sweat this out, which is kind of funny because so few people read poetry, even fewer buy poetry, and the whole thing will probably be out of print in a matter of years. Even Pulitzer Prize winners have books out of print. I think you just have to put something together and get it out there. (This is advice I’m giving but not taking, mind you) Take any comments you get and begin the shifting and sifting and editing that’s required. If you think single poems are a headache, just wait.

7. Do you personally market your publications? If so, why and how, and do you enjoy it? If not, why not? 

I let people know where I’ve been published and when I give readings I read from those magazines. I think most publishing houses expect the poets to do some serious legwork. There’s very little profit in the process, so the more sales they have, the more the publishers can do. I think readings are a great way to get a sense of how well your poems work. What kind of turnout do you have—what’s the body language? Do the members of the audience respond to the lines you think they should respond to? If you like the publisher and your own work, you kind of owe it to the process to promote your work.

8. Complete the following sentences: Big-name poetry publishers are…  able to promote your work. They have a stable of name writers, generally, and fair or not, they have a network they can use to push material.

9. Small- and micro-presses are… full of energy and excitement. It’s probably why so many of them fold in just a few years. They have those little rabbit hearts that beat about a thousand times a minute, and they have one too many coffees up against a deadline and poof, that’s all she wrote.

10. Describe the ideal relationship with a publisher and the relationship with a publisher from hell.

Ideal would be somebody that loves your work but will also use their experience to help you shape the book and then will do what they can to promote the book long after its publication.

Hell would be the complete lack of communication and vision. They accept your work and then they stop talking to you, to others, to each other. Maybe they put a picture of a daisy on the cover and a blurb from Wink Martindale on the back cover. Or they find that picture of you scratching your ass—the one your mother promised she put through the shredder.

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Brent Fisk is a writer from Bowling Green, Kentucky. His work has appeared in over 200 magazines the last few years including recent issues of Rattle, Southern Poetry Review, Southeast Review, and Prairie Schooner. In 2007 he won the Willow Award from Willow Review, the Sam Ragan Prize from Crucible, and honorable mention in Boulevard’s Emerging Poets Contest. He has received four Pushcart nominations, but is still waiting for the oversized check, the flowers and balloons. He is finishing up his first manuscript, Accidental Body of Knowledge and will begin the slow process of finding a publisher sometime late this spring.

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Previously on Ten Questions:

1. Kristy Bowen
2. Reginald Shepherd
3. Carolyn Guinzio
4. Nate Pritts
5. Sam Byfield
6. Neil Aitken
7. Edward Byrne
8. Rachel Bunting

Coming up:

10. Ivy Alvarez, April 17
11. Michaela Gabriel, April 24
12. Reb Livingston, May 1
13. Ron Silliman, May 8

Answers posted by others to their own blogs:

Rik Roots
Rob Mackenzie
Steve Schroeder
Cheryl Snell

Standing Page
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